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page is intended to provide individuals with general information
pertaining to CPR techniques related to smoke exposure.
One of the first
things to do in an emergency is to contact the professionals. But until
they arrive, it is important to know what you can do to help. Cardio
Pulmonary Resuscitation or CPR, the term most people are familiar
with, is used to bring people back to life. Essentially, you are breathing
life back into a person who has lost consciousness. CPR can be used to
help victims of smoke inhalation until the paramedics arrive. However,
CPR techniques are different for adults, children and infants.
- If you find the
victim is not responding, call 911 and then return to the victim.
- Tilt the victim’s
head back and listen for any breathing. If they are not breathing or
not breathing normally, pinch their nose and cover their mouth with
yours. Blow until you see the chest rise and fall. Give two breaths
of approximately two seconds each.
- If they are still
not breathing, coughing or moving, start chest compressions. Push 1.5
to 2 inches on the chest about 15 times (between the nipples).
- Until the paramedics
arrive, continue with two breaths and 15 chest compressions.
CPR for Children
between 1 and 8 years old:
CPR for children is similar to that of adults except for the following
differences: During chest compressions, use the heel of one hand and press
the sternum down to approximately 1 to 1.5 inches.
- Give one full
breath followed by five chest compressions.
- Perform CPR for
one minute and then call 911.
CPR for Infants
less than 1 year old:
- Shout and tap
the child on the shoulder. If he/she does not respond to your voice
or touch, then position the infant on its back
- Lift the chin
so the head is slightly tilted (but not too far).
- If the infant
isn’t breathing, cover the baby’s mouth and nose with your
mouth and administer two small, gentle breaths. The breaths should be
1.5 to 2 seconds long. The baby’s chest should rise with each
- Give five chest
compressions gently. Press down one-half to one inch in the center of
the chest, half an inch below the nipples.
- Repeat with one
breath and five compressions. After a minute of repeated cycles, call
911 and continue CPR treatment until the paramedics arrive.