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page is intended to provide individuals with general information
pertaining to some basic firefighting tips.
All fires can be
very dangerous and life-threatening. Your safety should always be your
primary concern when attempting to fight a fire.
to fight a fire, be certain that:
- The fire is small
and not spreading. A fire can double in size within two or three minutes.
- You have the proper
fire extinguisher for what is burning.
- The fire won't
block your exit if you can't control it. A good way to ensure this is
to keep the exit at your back.
- You know your
fire extinguisher works. Inspect extinguishers once a month for dents,
leaks or other signs of damage. Assure the pressure is at the recommended
level. On extinguishers equipped with a gauge, the needle should be
in the green zone - not too high and not too low.
know how to use your fire extinguisher. There's
not enough time to read instructions when a fire occurs.
How to Fight a
- Always stand with
an exit at your back.
- Stand sevevvral
feet away from the fire, moving closer once the fire starts to diminish.
- Use a sweeping
motion and aim at the base of the fire.
- If possible, use
a "buddy system" to have someone back you up or call for help
if something goes wrong.
- Be sure to watch
the area for awhile to ensure it doesn't re-ignite.
Never Fight A
fire is spreading rapidly. Only use a fire extinguisher when the
fire is in its early stages. If the fire is already spreading quickly,
evacuate and call the fire department.
don't know what is burning. Unless you know what is burning, you
won't know what type of fire extinguisher to use. Even if you have an
ABC extinguisher, there could be something that will explode or produce
highly toxic smoke.
- You don't have
the proper fire extinguisher. The wrong type
of extinguisher can be dangerous or life-threatening.
- There is too
much smoke or you are at risk of inhaling smoke. Seven out of ten
fire-related deaths occur from breathing poisonous gases produced by
Any sort of fire
will produce some amount of carbon
monoxide, the most deadly gas produced by a fire. Materials such as
wool, silk, nylon and some plastics can produce other highly toxic gases
such as carbon dioxide, hydrogen cyanide, or hydrogen chloride. Beware
- all of these can be fatal.
inhallation or exposure to fire itself can be life threatening so
get educated about the basics in CPR and burn